Problem set 01

1. The Platonic Soul

 The platonic soul by explanation by Plato is a

 tripartite division. Plato uses the description of

two horses drawing a charioteer; I like to use the

cartoon Ed, Edd and Eddy. The passionate soul

(Ed), the rational soul (Edd) and the appetitive

 soul (Eddy). So the reason you cant take Plato’s

 division of the mind which much more than a

 grain of salt is being able to accept an explanation

 of the mind, which uses minds in the explanation.


2. Cartesian Dualism

 The mind-body problem is from one of the “deepest and most lasting legacies” of Descartes.

People question how can the mind cause some of our bodily limbs to move and how can the body’s sense organs cause sensations in the mind when their natures are completely different?

In this passage I am going to give some examples to explain Descartes solutions to the mind-body problem, Cartesian Dualism.

First I will start off with a hard definition.

The mindbody problem is the problem of explaining how our mental states, events and processes—like beliefs, actions and thinking—are related to the physical states, events and processes in our bodies, given that the human body is a physical entity and the mind is non-physical.

I will begin with I dream. 

I often have perceptions very much like the ones I usually have in sensation while I am dreaming.

There are no definite signs to distinguish dream experience from waking experience therefore, it is possible that I am dreaming right now and that all of my perceptions are not real

Second I believe that there is an all-powerful God who has created us and who is all-powerful.

It has the capability in his power to make me be deceived even about matters of mathematical knowledge which i seem to see clearly therefore, It is possible that I am deceived even in my mathematical knowledge of the basic structure of the world.

So in the end the only thing that I can believe in is that I can be certain of is that I am have doubt, leading to me to agree with his famous phrase "Cogito ergo sum," (I think, therefore I am).